Is a very important season for looking after your lawn. After the rigours of winter it needs careful attention as soon as the days start to lengthen and the grass starts to grow. Giving the lawn the care it needs now will ensure the best possible results throughout the year.
As the grass starts to grow you will need to start to mow your lawn. It is very important in early spring that you set the mowing height quite high taking no more than one quarter of the length of the plant off at a time otherwise the lawn will become stressed. A little and often approach is better in spring. As the grass grows faster as we move further into spring increase the mowing frequency and gradually reduce the height of cut to give the desired finish.
Apply a Spring Lawn Food
This gives the lawn the essential nutrients it needs over the spring period. Apply a spring lawn food in early spring and then again six weeks later. The grass plants are growing rapidly at this time and like any living thing need the correct nutrients in the correct quantities in order to grow strong and healthy.
Repair worn lawns
Repair worn patches by over seeding and top dress uneven areas. Topdressing also helps break down thatch and aids drainage.
Aerate compacted areas of the lawn with a hand fork or with a spiking machine. This will relieve compaction, improve drainage and allow more air into the root system leading to a healthier lawn.
Broadleaf weed treatment.
Broad leaved weeds should be treated using a suitable selective weed killer. Alternatively weed them out by hand or using a knife / mechanical weeder remembering to get the root of the weed out.
Dealing with moss.
If moss is a problem on your lawn you will need to scarify it out. You may also consider applying moss-killer product before scarifying. This will help to kill and remove more of the moss, allow the moss to turn brown/black before scarifying. After this it may be appropriate to overseed if taking the moss out leaves the lawn thin in some areas. Scarifying reduces the buildup of dead grass matter, roots and moss which can cause increased stress to the grass plants. Scarification can be done using a spring-tine rake by vigorously pulling the rake through the grass. Electric & petrol scarifiers are available for larger lawns.
As temperatures hot up and we move into summer the growth of your lawn may actually start to slow down, mow as and when necessary never taking more than one third of the length of the plant off in any one cut. As always a sharp mower is essential. If temperatures become very hot your lawn will become stressed and it may be necessary to cut back on the frequency of mowing.
It will not be necessary to feed your lawn during summer; however a feed with a spring lawn food in late spring will give it everything it needs to see it through the summer.
Summer is the time when drought can occur and a lawn can turn brown and straw coloured. Before addressing this problem the first thing to say is that well-maintained lawns will invariably recover once the rains return. Good maintenance at other times of the year, aeration and appropriate feeding will help rooting and the lawn’s ability to withstand and recover from periods of drought. If possible, avoidance is better than cure and the only way to prevent drought is to water the lawn. If you can water it is best to do this at the first signs of drought, when the grass is still green but starting to show signs of stress. Irrigate at times when the water is more likely to soak in; early morning or in the evening. Remember to follow any local regulations when using water in summer. If your lawn does suffer from drought then mow as little as possible, the lawn won’t be growing rapidly and it will stress the lawn unnecessarily.
Broadleaf weed treatment.
Broad leaved weeds should be treated using a suitable selective herbicide. Alternatively weed them out by hand or using a knife / mechanical weeder remembering to get the root of the weed out.
The most common lawn pests, Chafer Grubs and Leatherjackets, can cause significant damage to lawns. If you notice patches of poorly growing, yellowing grass check for signs of grubs feeding on the grass roots. These pests can be easily and safely controlled by applying a suitable nematode based product.
Enjoy your lawn
Looking after and maintaining a beautiful lawn is a rewarding experience and past time. The results speak for themselves and are there for all to see. A grass surface is also one of the safest surfaces for you and your family to enjoy.
Is an important season for taking care of your lawn. It is important to use the last months of the growing season to strengthen and prepare the lawn for the rigours of winter. The effort put into a lawn in autumn will improve the quality and health of the lawn right through into the following Spring and beyond.
As the days grow shorter and the temperatures begin to fall the rate at which the grass grows will slow, this means that the lawn will need mowing less frequentlyand raise the height of cut as winter approaches. As always maintain your mower in good condition and keep the blades sharp.
Apply an Autumn Lawn Food
This gives the lawn the essential nutrients it needs to strengthen itself for winter.
Depending upon the wear and tear which your lawn has received over the previous months you may want to overseed the lawn in early autumn.
If your lawn has become uneven then topdressing will even out any low areas. Topdressing also helps break down thatch and aids drainage.
Aerate consolidated areas of the lawn with a hand fork or with a spiking machine.. This will relieve compaction, improve drainage and allow more air into the root system leading to a healthier lawn.
Dealing with worms
Remember worms improve the nutrient content of a soil and are beneficial to the soil structure. Worm casts are best left to dry and then swept or brushed away with a stiff brush.
Clear the lawn of leaves and debris
As leaves start to fall from the trees use a light rake, brush or your mower set on a high cut to keep the lawn free of leaves and debris. Specialist leaf sweepers and lawn vacuums are available.
Scarification reduces the buildup of dead grass matter, roots and moss which can cause increased stress to the grass plants. Scarification can be done using a spring-tine rake by vigorously pulling the rake through the grass sward. Electric & petrol scarifiers are also available.
Is the time to rest the lawn as much as possible during winter. If practical keep off when wet or frosty, as the grass plants are not actively growing; they will not repair themselves if damaged until the spring.
Only mow the lawn if necessary; this will depend upon weather conditions and temperatures at the time. Do not mow if heavy frosts are expected or if the ground is very wet.
Clear leaves and debris
Keep the lawn free of leaves and debris. Specialist leaf sweepers and lawn vacuums are available.